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Weather Alert Radios

For up-to-date hurricane and severe weather information, even during a power outage, listen to your NOAA Weather radio. The Midland ER210 with emergency crank function keeps you alerted when the power is down. Keep extra batteries handy, as well as bottled water and canned food.

For more items helpful in an emergency, check out the National Hurricane Center’s disaster supply kit checklist:

For tips on preventing damage to your home and developing a family plan:

Tropical cyclones are classified based on sustained wind speeds. Higher sustained winds are directly correlated to damage potential.

Tropical Depression: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (33 knots) or less.

Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots).

Hurricane: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher. In the western North Pacific, hurricanes are called typhoons; similar storms in the Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean are called cyclones.

Major Hurricane: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 111 mph (96 knots) or higher, corresponding to a Category 3, 4 or 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1st to November 30th, and the Eastern Pacific hurricane season runs from May 15th to November 30th.

The National Hurricane Center describes the peak of the Atlantic hurricane season as mid-August through late October. However, deadly hurricanes can occur anytime in the hurricane season.

According to the National Hurricane Center, a hurricane is a type of tropical cyclone, which is a generic term for a low-pressure system that generally forms in the tropics. The cyclone is accompanied by thunderstorms and, in the Northern Hemisphere, a counterclockwise circulation of winds near the earth’s surface.

A tropical cyclone is called a hurricane when maximum sustained winds reach or exceed 74 mph. In the western North Pacific, hurricanes are called typhoons; similar storms in the Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean are called cyclones.

According to the Glossary of Meteorology (AMS 2000), a tornado is “a violently rotating column of air, pendant from a cumuliform cloud or underneath a cumuliform cloud, and often (but not always) visible as a funnel cloud.”According to the Storm Prediction Center, in order for a vortex to be classified as a tornado, it must be in contact with the ground and the cloud base. A large variety of weather patterns can lead to tornadoes, but they most often occur in super cells – which are rotating thunderstorms with a well-defined radar circulation called a mesocyclone.A strong updraft of air into the storm may begin to rotate as the wind changes direction higher in the atmosphere, which can produce a rapidly rotating column of air that eventually makes contact with the ground – a tornado. However, not all super cells will produce a tornado.

It’s this uncertainty and the tornado’s ability to form rapidly that make a weather radio essential in any home.

Yes, Our FRS/GMRS will work with any other FRS brand on the market today.

NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) broadcasts National Weather Service weather alerts, warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24 hours a day.

During severe weather, NWS forecasters interrupt regular broadcasting and send a special tone activating local weather radios. Weather radios equipped with a siren feature will sound a weather alert giving immediate information about a life-threatening situation.

Weather radios are called “indoor tornado sirens” because they broadcast tornado warnings as soon as they are issued and can wake you while sleeping. Outdoor storm sirens are meant only for warning people outdoors. They may not be heard at night or during a loud thunderstorm.

All Hazards Weather Alert Radios will sound for a variety of situations, including severe weather, hurricanes, tornadoes, amber alerts and civil emergencies. Portable versions of NWR like the Midland HH50B provide localized alerts to travelers, storm watchers and outdoorsmen.

Any radio won’t do because only a weather radio can receive NOAA broadcasts. A weather radio that can run on back-up batteries is the only way to ensure you receive severe weather and public alerts even without electricity.

There are more than 1,000 broadcast towers covering more than 99% of the U.S. population.

Broadcast range from the weather radio transmitter is approximately 40 miles. The effective range depends on terrain, quality of the receiver, and indoor/outdoor antennas. Before you buy a receiver, make sure your area is covered by one of the transmitters. The goal of the National Weather Service and emergency preparedness agencies is to expand the reach of weather radio broadcasts to cover 95 percent of the U.S. population. Innovative partnerships between the NWS, private industry, and state and local governments are fueling this expansion. You can help foster such partnerships in your community. For more information concerning developing a partnership with the NWS, contact your local weather service office.

NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) is a nationwide network of radio stations broadcasting continuous weather information direct from a nearby National Weather Service office. NWR broadcasts National Weather Service warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24 hours a day. For more information visit:

Only the most imminent life- and property-threatening hazards are broadcasted with the SAME signal and 1050 Hertz warning alarm tone, when the public has to take immediate action to protect themselves and their property. An operational guideline is that alerts are only for hazards urgent enough to warrant waking people up in the “middle of the night” or otherwise interrupting someone’s activities at any time.

Please check and make sure that the adapter is plugged into the “DC Jack” and not the middle jack in the back of the radio.

The NWS does not always tone alert for many winter storms, unless there is a dramatic change to the forecast. You may want to contact your local NOAA office to ensure that the alerts are being issued.

Once you have verified with the local NWS office that the alerts are being issued, and you verified that your weather radio is programmed correctly and it’s still not alerting, you can follow the instructions in the back of your user’s manual for warranty service.

Check to make sure that the correct codes have been entered and that you are on the correct channel for your county. Make sure that the reception is coming in clear. The “Alert on/off” switch MUST be turned on to receive alerts. If you are receiving poor reception then you may not get the alerts.

After an alert is received the light can remain on the radio from 15 minutes up to 6 hours. When the designated time has passed the display message and light will reset to their normal state.

The external alert jack is used for a strobe light or a pillow vibrator, etc. These items are used to assist the hearing or visually impaired community.

We apologize. This was a mistake in the manual. The asterisk was mistakenly placed by some alerts that are preset and cannot have the alert tone turned off. The alerts that you can see in the radio under “defeat siren” can be turned off, but all other alerts listed in the manual cannot be disabled and will give an audible alert tone.

You can try moving the radio near a window or to a different location in the home to see if that will improve the reception. You also can try an external antenna to help improve the reception. You may be able to obtain an external antenna from your local electronics store.

The WR100 cannot be programmed to only receive certain alerts.

The PC jack is used for cloning like radios with like information, which is usually done in large quantities. It’s not made for consumers to use the radios with a computer.

Remove the protective plastic label that says “WARNING” on it.

Warranty will vary according to model. All warranties are found on the last page of the owner’s manual. If your radio needs to be repaired, please follow these simple instructions:

Out of Warranty:

Please call Midland Customer Service at 816-462-0438 for assistance.

Warranty Repair:

Please send your unit with COPY of receipt to:

Midland Radio Corporation
Attn: Repair Dept.
5900 Parretta Dr.
Kansas City, MO 64120

Weather radios are warranted for one year from the date of purchase. Specific warranty terms and conditions can be found in the back of your owners manual.

The message and beep tone indicate that the radio has not received any weather alerts or test alerts in 10 days. If NOAA is forced to skip the weekly test and no alerts have been issued, the message can appear on the display.

To clear the message and beep you will need to reset the radio. To reset the radio, unplug the power cord and remove the batteries. Wait 15 seconds and reinsert the power cord and batteries. Once the radio has been reset the time will need to be programmed.

For county codes please go to

Tornado observers, storm trackers and storm chasers usually classify a twister based on its appearance. Tornadoes may not always have the classic “funnel” appearance – wider at the cloud base and narrower at the surface.

“Wedge” tornadoes appear to be at least as wide as they are tall. “Rope” tornadoes are very narrow and often snake-like. “Stovepipe” tornadoes resemble cylinders and can sometimes also fit into the definition of a wedge tornado. While wedge tornadoes are generally regarded as the most intense, any tornado can be destructive, regardless of shape or size.

NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) is a nationwide network of radio stations broadcasting continuous weather information direct from a nearby National Weather Service office. NWR broadcasts National Weather Service warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24 hours a day.

During an emergency, NWS forecasters interrupt routine broadcasts with a special tone activating local weather radios. Weather radios equipped with a siren feature will sound an alert to give you immediate information about a life-threatening emergency situation like severe weather.

For more information visit:

According to the Storm Prediction Center, recent trends indicate around 1,300 per year, give or take a few hundred. The actual average is unknown, because tornado spotting and reporting methods have changed so much in the last several decades that the officially recorded tornado climatologies are considered incomplete.

Also, in the course of recording thousands of tornadoes, errors are bound to occur. Events can be missed or misclassified; and some non-damaging tornadoes in remote areas could still be unreported.

Public Alert is a certification by the Consumer Electronics Association to designate Specific Area Message Encoding (S.A.M.E.) products with superior performance and reliability in the U.S. and Canada. The Department of Homeland Security recognizes Public Alert for the dissemination of terrorism-related information.

A watch means severe weather is possible during the next few hours, while a warning means that severe weather has been observed, or is expected soon. A tornado watch is issued when conditions are favorable for the development of tornadoes. Warnings may be issued based on Doppler radar-indicated rotation within a thunderstorm, suggesting tornado formation, or based on eyewitness reports of a tornado on the ground.

High winds, hail, heavy rain and lightning can knock out power. When you can’t turn on the television or your regular radio, a weather radio (either emergency crank or battery powered) is the only way you’ll be able to receive severe weather alerts and tornado warnings.

The National Weather Service uses NOAA Weather Radio to broadcast weather conditions, forecasts or alerts. Specific Area Message Encoding (S.A.M.E.) can be programmed so your weather radio only alerts you to severe weather and emergency warnings in your area.

If your weather radio has S.A.M.E., you can program it to sound an alert only if it affects your county. Most weather radios will allow you to program multiple S.A.M.E. county codes in case you would like to receive alerts for surrounding counties.

Find your S.A.M.E. code at

Stay up-to-date on the latest severe weather forecast, especially if it is calling for thunderstorms, by watching local TV channels or listening to your NOAA Weather Radio (like the Midland WR120.)

Stay close to home or know where you can take shelter if you will be away. Carry a portable NOAA Weather Radio (like the Midland HH50B) with you for instant weather alerts while outdoors or on the road.

For more tips on tornado preparedness and seeking shelter, visit the SPC Tornado Safety page:

For advice on what to do before, during and after a tornado, check out the Red Cross’s Tornado Safety Checklist:

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a science-based agency that has the responsibility to predict changes in the oceanic and atmospheric environments and living marine resources, and to provide related data, information, and services to the public, industry, the research community and other government agencies.

Organizations within NOAA include the National Weather Service, National Ocean Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service among others.

For more information, visit NOAA at

A few recommended items to include in your Basic Emergency Supply Kit:

NOAA Weather Alert Radio – With back-up power from batteries and/or hand crankFlashlightExtra BatteriesFirst Aid KitWater and Non-Perishable Food – Include can openerCell Phones and ChargersPrescription MedicationsImportant Family DocumentsSleeping Bags or Warm BlanketsExtra Clothing – Including sturdy shoesSpecial Needs Items – Glasses, oxygen tanks, infant formula, diapers, pet foodMulti-Purpose ToolMatches – Store in waterproof container

Visit the following websites for additional information or items you may want to add to your Basic Emergency Supply Kit:

NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) broadcasts warnings and post-event information for all types of hazards: severe weather (e.g., tornadoes, floods), natural (e.g., earthquakes, forest fires and volcanic activity), technological (e.g., chemical releases, oil spills, nuclear power plant emergencies, etc.), and national emergencies (e.g., terrorist attacks).

NWR is an all-hazards radio network working with other federal agencies and the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) Emergency Alert System (EAS). NWR is the most comprehensive weather and emergency information available to the public. Weather radios pick up these alerts and sound an alarm to warn people even when they’re sleeping or without power.

The flashing NOAA icon can indicate that the radio is not receiving a strong signal from the National Weather Service. If the radio is receiving a clear broadcast from the NWS, and is programmed with the correct county code, and corresponding NOAA channel, the flashing icon should have no affect on the radio receiving the NOAA alerts.

To check the radio, press the “Weather/Snooze” button to ensure that the radio is receiving a clear broadcast from the National Weather Service. If you can hear static while listening to the NWS broadcast, we suggest moving the radio near a window with the antenna fully extended, in order to receive the strongest signal possible.

Check out the National Hurricane Center for the latest forecast:

The following links provide current tropical outlooks:

National Hurricane Center

Visit the Storm Prediction Center’s FAQ about tornadoes:
Current weather resources for tornado watches, warnings and severe weather:

Severe Weather OutlookCurrent WatchesStorm ReportsNational Weather ServiceCanada Weather single Midland weather radio will alert when the National Weather Service issues advisories for severe weather or other emergencies.

Some of our weather radios are perfect for home or office use, while our portable models can be taken on the road. Midland weather radios are available in desktop and emergency crank too. Weather radio accessories, like a strobe light, provide visual alerts for the hearing impaired.

You can compare up to three Midland weather alert radios at a time. Just click the “Compare” button on each product page, then “View Comparisons” to see weather radio product information charts side by side.

The best location for a weather radio is different for everyone. Think about your lifestyle and home or work layout and keep your weather radio where you will most likely need an alert. For example, having a NOAA weather radio in your bedroom can wake you up when a tornado warning is issued at night.

Make sure to test your weather radio to find the best reception. Weather radio reception in cities may be reduced by steel and concrete structures, while higher elevations will enhance the signal.

It may help to place your weather radio near a window facing the direction of the transmitter station, away from other electronic equipment, and on an upper level. Reception can vary from room to room. Moving your weather radio just a few feet can change a weak signal to a strong one. You may need to use an external antenna if weak signals are a problem.

For more information, including S.A.M.E. codes, visit

For troubleshooting a Midland weather radio, review the Troubleshooting section of your Owner’s Manual or visit our FAQ section.

FIPS codes are used in the United States. The Canadian equivalent is CLC (Canadian Location Code.) The method of programming the code into an S.A.M.E. radio is the same for FIPS or CLC codes.

To find a CLC code, visit Environment Canada’s website:

Two-Way Radios

Depending on care and use, rechargeable batteries can be expected to last 2 to 3 years. Ways to care for and extend the life of your rechargeable batteries can be found at

Midland recommends that you purchase a replacement battery when you begin to notice a decline in the running time of the battery.

Yes, all Midland GMRS and FRS radios are compatible with other GMRS and FRS radios. When communicating with a different model or different brand, you should check the channel frequency tables for each radio (in the owner’s manuals) and select a common frequency, regardless of channel number.

Privacy codes (CTCSS) are also compatible on all Midland GMRS and FRS radio models capable of this feature. Each radio must be set to the same channel and CTCSS code for the radios to communicate with each other. Privacy code settings may be different on brands other than Midland.

The First 7 channels are shared FRS channels. The Last 8 Channels are exclusive GMRS channels. You will often have more users on the FRS channels causing interference and reducing your range. The range between your GMRS radio and a FRS radio will be set by the range of the less powerful FRS radio.

All Midland GMRS radios work with all brands. Before using your Midland radio with another brand, check your channel frequency list to be sure that the channel you are using is the same frequency as that of the other brand.

To protect the display from being scratched, your radio comes with a decorative thin plastic film over the display. Use your fingernail or other soft object to remove this film.

This feature was primarily designed to conserve battery life. It will also switch to “LO” if the batteries are low or on FRS channels.

No, the lights only indicate that the batteries in the radio are making contact with the charging circuit.

The batteries should be charged for at least 24 hours for the first charge cycle and after the batteries have been completely discharged. Each cycle thereafter should be 8 – 10 hours to fully recharge.

Rechargeable batteries should perform for approximately up to 15 hours if the radio use is 5% of the time transmitting, 5% receiving and 90% in standby.

Range varies based on terrain, condition, and battery power. In an open unobstructed area (open field) without interference, the range can reach up to 5 miles.

This is a store security device and can be removed and discarded after you have purchased the radios.

Make sure that the radio is set to high power by pressing the mode button. Check to see that the batteries have a good charge. Insure that there are as few obstructions between the two points of communication.

Not at this time. Some stores do sell a generic 9v DC car charger and correct plug for the Mic jack (9v cigarette lighter plug w/cord). The tip of the plug is positive.

If your radio does not have BP as one of the menu selections, you can not turn the beeps off. The only thing you can do to keep beeps from coming out of the speaker is to use the AVP-1 headset.

A GMRS radio has a range of up to 5 miles or more. The range is relative to the obstacles around you. On an open field, or water the range is greater.

Urban development may reduce the range to 2 miles or less. If you are in a tall building the range is about 20 floors. This is very common with two-way radios.

Remove the battery pack and reinsert it. This will allow the charge to start.

The charging cord plug in on the side of the radio where it says MIC/CHG.

The icon on the radio is a low battery indicator only. It does not change to show a full or half charge. The low battery icon will come on the screen and continuously flash when the batteries are low.

Make sure that the volume is turned up loud enough to hear. To increase the volume on a G or LXT series radio, press the up arrow button. To increase it on a GXT radio, turn the volume knob clockwise.

When the radio is turned on you will see the battery symbol along with all of the other items on the display, this is just a display test and has nothing to do with the charge in the battery. If the battery gets low you will see the battery icon continuously flash.

Transmission range for any two-way radio depends on local conditions and interference. You will get more range out in an open field or across a lake than you will inside a building or on a city street.

As a general rule of thumb, if there are objects in the “line-of-site” between you and the other radio, your range will be reduced.

It depends. The FRS (Family Radio Service) radio channels (8-14) do not require you to purchase a license. An FCC license is, however, required for use of GMRS channels. To apply for a GMRS license, please visit the FCC website and fill out the application. A license is not required to purchase a radio with GMRS channels on it, however.

In some FRS/GMRS Two-Way-Radio there are 38 CTCSS codes and 83 DCS codes, which means Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System and Digital Coded Squelch. The purpose of these codes is to reduce or eliminate the interference between other users that are talking. So if you are on channel 8 Sub-Code 27, you can only talk and listen to someone that is on that same channel/sub-code.

If the radios are used on a daily basis, leaving them in the charger overnight and over the weekend is fine. You should not leave the radios in the charger full time, this will damage the batteries.

With this feature your radio will receive Weather Alerts from the National Weather Service.

The WeatherScan+Alert feature automatically scans and locks on to the strongest signal in the area for Weather Alerts and complete weather information from the National Weather Service.

Yes, the MicroMobile is compatible with ALL GMRS radios.

To “flip” the LCD display:
1. Be sure the radio is turned off (see Power On/Off).

2. Press and hold the Channel Down button, then press and hold the Power On/Off button for two seconds to turn the radio on.

The LCD display will rotate 180° from its most recent orientation.

Repeat steps 1 and 2 to return the LCD display to its previous orientation.

Check your vehicle’s power source, replace as needed

Check input power connection & or wires to the vehicle power source.

Verify both radios have the same channel selection and Privacy Code settings

Make sure you are in range of the other radio

Confirm the pathway between radios isn’t obstructed by buildings, hills and other structures

Make sure the keypad “lock” is not on

Reset the radio (turn it off then back on)

Please call Midland Customer Service at 816-241-8500 and we will help you order a replacement part

With Battery Rapid ReCharge your 2-Way Radio will charge twice as fast as the average 2-Way Radio. The Midland X-Talker Radio is ready to use after only 2 ½ hours of charging. Most 2-Way Radios require you to charge your radio overnight to get a full charge.

CB Radios

The save icon will flash on the display when the radio is not transmitting or receiving indicating that it is saving battery power.

Press and hold the “F” button for about 10 seconds and the display should change back to the channel.


The FCC Website has the information on what you need to get your Business License, please visit this site for more info.

Prior to using our radio, you must apply for an FCC license. You may begin using your radio 10 days after filing for your Business Radio license.

Go to to download the programming software on this page.

Contact Midland Customer service at 1-816-241-8500 ext 259 and they can walk you through the programming software

If you hear a loud continuous beep on any channel, that means there is not a frequency programmed for that particular channel.

Yes, the first pre-programmed channels in the BR200 match the 1st 4 pre-programmed channels in the Motorola CLS radio.

Maybe, if it is the PKT-23 radio, yes. The 1st 2 pre-programmed channels on the Kenwood PKT-23 are the same pre-programmed channels on the BR200.

You will need to make sure that both radios are programmed to the same frequency and the same privacy tone. This can be done through the programming software.

The antenna and knobs on the radio are under a 90-day warranty, if the antenna has broke during the 90 day warranty timeframe, please contact customer service for warranty repair. 1-816-241-8500 ext 259. Outside the 90 days, please call customer service and we will work with you on getting a replacement part.

If the frequency is between 450 – 470 please send the Radio with all of the FCC documentation to Midland and we will program the radio for you.
If it is outside of the 450 – 470 frequency range, we are not able to support that frequency with the BR200.

NOAA Weather Radio Awareness

If your nearest cell tower fails, your phone will stay silent. In the Cookeville, Tennessee tornado many
cell phone warnings did not get delivered. 19 people died. Everyone should have multiple, redundant ways to get alerts.

Because the broadcast comes direct from your local National Weather Service office, NOAA Weather Radio delivers the warnings first.

Public Alert-certified weather radios have both a wall plug and battery back-up, so they continue to alert you even when your power is out.

When the siren goes off, it doesn’t tell you “why” it’s going off. A weather radio tells you why, and then tells you what to do to protect yourself and your family. Weather radios were designed to be an “indoor tornado siren”. It’s dangerous to rely on outdoor sirens to warn you indoors.

Public Alert-certified radios can be programmed to go off for only your county, and you can silence alerts for which you do not want to hear an attention tone. Properly setting-up your radio eliminates hassles.

Desktop radios can be placed in the bedroom, bathroom, hallway or kitchen. Place it somewhere so you hear it when it goes off.

Like smoke detectors, you should replace the batteries in your weather radio once a year. Fresh batteries won’t leak fluids. Old ones do.

The radio alerts you to danger, so seek shelter first. Then tune to your local TV meteorologist to get more complete information and radar updates.

These “all Hazards” radios can also alert your for non-weather emergencies: wildfires, chemical spills, nuclear power plant emergencies, and others.